The Journal of biological chemistry

TMED10 Protein Interferes with Transforming Growth Factor (TGF)-β Signaling by Disrupting TGF-β Receptor Complex Formation.

PMID 28115518


The intensity and duration of TGF-β signaling determine the cellular biological response. How this is negatively regulated is not well understood. Here, we identified a novel negative regulator of TGF-β signaling, transmembrane p24-trafficking protein 10 (TMED10). TMED10 disrupts the complex formation between TGF-β type I (also termed ALK5) and type II receptors (TβRII). Misexpression studies revealed that TMED10 attenuated TGF-β-mediated signaling. A 20-amino acid-long region from Thr(91) to Glu(110) within the extracellular region of TMED10 was found to be crucial for TMED10 interaction with both ALK5 and TβRII. Synthetic peptides corresponding to this region inhibit both TGF-β-induced Smad2 phosphorylation and Smad-dependent transcriptional reporter activity. In a xenograft cancer model, where previously TGF-β was shown to elicit tumor-promoting effects, gain-of-function and loss-of-function studies for TMED10 revealed a decrease and increase in the tumor size, respectively. Thus, we determined herein that TMED10 expression levels are the key determinant for efficiency of TGF-β receptor complex formation and signaling.