ACS synthetic biology

Cloning, Stability, and Modification of Mycoplasma hominis Genome in Yeast.

PMID 28118540


Mycoplasma hominis is a minimal human pathogen that is responsible for genital and neonatal infections. Despite many attempts, there is no efficient genetic tool to manipulate this bacterium, limiting most investigations of its pathogenicity and its uncommon energy metabolism that relies on arginine. The recent cloning and subsequent engineering of other mycoplasma genomes in yeast opens new possibilities for studies of the genomes of genetically intractable organisms. Here, we report the successful one-step cloning of the M.xa0hominis PG21 genome in yeast using the transformation-associated recombination (TAR) cloning method. At low passages, the M.xa0hominis genome cloned into yeast displayed a conserved size. However, after ∼60 generations in selective media, this stability was affected, and large degradation events were detected, raising questions regarding the stability of large heterologous DNA molecules cloned in yeast and the need to minimize host propagation. Taking these results into account, we selected early passage yeast clones and successfully modified the M.xa0hominis PG21 genome using the CRISPR/Cas9 editing tool, available in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Complete M.xa0hominis PG21 genomes lacking the adhesion-related vaa gene were efficiently obtained.