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Oncoimmunology

The stress kinase GCN2 does not mediate suppression of antitumor T cell responses by tryptophan catabolism in experimental melanomas.


PMID 28123877

Abstract

Tryptophan metabolism is a key process that shapes the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment. The two rate-limiting enzymes that mediate tryptophan depletion, indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) and tryptophan-2,3-dioxygenase (TDO), have moved into the focus of research and inhibitors targeting IDO and TDO have entered clinical trials. Local tryptophan depletion is generally viewed as the crucial immunosuppressive mechanism. In T cells, the kinase general control non-derepressible 2 (GCN2) has been identified as a molecular sensor of tryptophan deprivation. GCN2 activation by tryptophan depletion induces apoptosis and mitigates T cell proliferation. Here, we investigated whether GCN2 attenuates tumor rejection in experimental B16 melanoma using T cell-specific