Scientific reports

Periostin Upregulates Wnt/β-Catenin Signaling to Promote the Osteogenesis of CTLA4-Modified Human Bone Marrow-Mesenchymal Stem Cells.

PMID 28128364


The enhanced osteogenesis of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) modified by expression of cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA4) has been shown in previous studies, but the mechanism remains unknown. Here we found that the bone repair effect of CTLA4-modified MSCs in demineralized bone matrix (DBM) in a rabbit radius defect model was significantly better than that observed for unmodified MSCs in DBM or DBM alone, and the periostin (POSTN) expression in CTLA4-modified MSCs was significantly higher than that in unmodified MSCs both in vivo and in vitro. In addition, we also found that treatment of CTLA4-modified MSCs with soluble POSTN could inhibit the glycogen synthase kinase-3β activity and increase β-catenin expression through up-regulation of lipoprotein-related protein-6 phosphorylation to promote osteogenic differentiation, but blocking of integrin αvβ3, a receptor of POSTN, could suppress these effects. Our data demonstrated that POSTN expressed in response to CTLA4 can promote the osteogenesis of xenotransplanted MSCs through interaction with Wnt/β-catenin pathway.