Bioorganic chemistry

Synthesis, molecular modelling, and preliminary anticonvulsant activity evaluation of novel naphthalen-2-yl acetate and 1,6-dithia-4,9-diazaspiro [4.4] nonane-3,8-dione derivatives.

PMID 28162233


The synthesis, pharmacological evaluation and molecular modelling study of novel naphthalen-2-yl acetate and 1,6-dithia-4,9-diazaspiro [4.4]nonane-3,8-dione derivatives as potential anticonvulsant agents are described. The newly synthesized compounds were characterized by both analytical and spectral data. Alkylation of 1H-imidazole or substituted piperazine with 1-(2-naphthyl)-2-bromoethanone (2) gave naphthalen-2-yl 2-(1H-imidazol-1-yl) acetate (3) and naphthalen-2-yl 2-(substituted piperazin-1-yl) acetate (4-8). Moreover, condensation of naphthalen-2-yl 2-bromoacetate or 2-bromo-1-(naphthalen-2-yl) ethanone with hydrazine hydrate and acetylacetone resulted in the formation of the cyclic pyrazole products 9 and 13. Sonication of naphthalen-2-yl acetate (1) with 2-chloropyridine, 2-chloropyrimidine and 2-(chloromethyl) oxirane gave naphthalen-2-yl 2-(pyridin-2-yl) acetate (10), naphthalen-2-yl 2-(pyrimidin-2-yl) acetate (11) and naphthalen-2-yl-3-(oxiran-2-yl) propanoate (12) respectively. Cyclocondensation reaction of 2-iminothiazolidin-4-one (14) with thioglycolic acid, thiolactic acid and thiomalic acid gave 1,6-dithia-4,9-diazaspiro [4.4]nonane-3,8-dione derivatives (15-17). The compounds were testedin vivofor the anticonvulsant activity by delaying strychnine-induced seizures. The diazaspirononane (17) and 1-(2-naphthyl)-2-bromoethanone (2) showed a high significant delay in the onset of convulsion and prolongation of survival time compared to phenobarbital. The molecular modelling study of anticonvulsant activity of synthesized compounds showed a CNS depressant activity via modulation of benzodiazepine allosteric site in GABA-A receptors.