PloS one

Bacterial internalization is required to trigger NIK-dependent NF-κB activation in response to the bacterial type three secretion system.

PMID 28166267


Infection of human cells with Yersinia pseudotuberculosis expressing a functional type III secretion system (T3SS) leads to activation of host NF-κB. We show that the Yersinia T3SS activates distinct NF-κB pathways dependent upon bacterial subcellular localization. We found that wildtype Yersinia able to remain extracellular triggered NF-κB activation independently of the non-canonical NF-κB kinase NIK in HEK293T cells. In contrast, Yersinia lacking the actin-targeting effectors YopEHO, which become internalized into host cells, induce a NIK-dependent response and nuclear entry of the non-canonical NF-κB subunit p52. Blocking actin polymerization and uptake of effector mutant bacteria using cytochalasin D shifted the host NF-κB response from NIK-independent to primarily NIK-dependent. We observed similar results using Pseudomonas aeruginosa, which expresses a related T3SS and the actin-targeting effector ExoT. As the NF-κB response of HEK293T cells to effectorless Yersinia has been used both as a screening tool for chemical inhibitors of the T3SS and for bacterial forward genetic screens, a better understanding of this response is important for tool optimization and interpretation.

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EHU024531 MISSION® esiRNA, esiRNA human MAP3K14 (esiRNA1)