Wiley interdisciplinary reviews. Systems biology and medicine

Therapeutic genome engineering via CRISPR-Cas systems.

PMID 28198142


Differences in genomes underlie most organismal diversity, and aberrations in genomes underlie many disease states. With the growing knowledge of the genetic and pathogenic basis of human disease, development of safe and efficient platforms for genome and epigenome engineering will transform our ability to therapeutically target human diseases and also potentially engineer disease resistance. In this regard, the recent advent of clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-CRISPR-associated (Cas) RNA-guided nuclease systems have transformed our ability to target nucleic acids. Here we review therapeutic genome engineering applications with a specific focus on the CRISPR-Cas toolsets. We summarize past and current work, and also outline key challenges and future directions. WIREs Syst Biol Med 2017, 9:e1380. doi: 10.1002/wsbm.1380 For further resources related to this article, please visit the WIREs website.