Scientific reports

Link between plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and cardiovascular risk in chronic hepatitis C after viral clearance.

PMID 28211910


The pathophysiological implications of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) in HCV infection remain obscure. This prospective study evaluated 669 HCV patients, of whom 536 had completed a course of anti-HCV therapy and had pre-, peri- and post-therapy measurements of various profiles, including PAI-1 levels. Multivariate analysis demonstrated, before anti-HCV-therapy, platelet count and PAI-1-rs1799889 genotype were associated with PAI-1 levels. Among patients with a sustained virological response (SVR, n = 445), platelet count was associated with PAI-1 level at 24 weeks post-therapy. GEE analysis showed that PAI-1-rs-1799889 and interferon-λ3-rs12979860 genotypes affected PAI-1 levels early and late in therapy, respectively. At 24 weeks post-therapy, higher lipid, brain natriuretic peptide, homocysteine and PAI-1 levels and PAI-1 activity were noted only in SVR patients compared with pre-therapy levels. Within 24 weeks post-therapy, 2.2% of the SVR (mean age: 57.8 yr; 8 smoking males; the 2 females had pre-therapy hypercholesteremia or cardiovascular family history of disease) and 0% of the non-SVR patients experienced a new cardiovascular event. Platelet counts consistently correlated with PAI-1 levels regardless of HCV infection. PAI-1-rs-1799889 and interferon-λ3-rs12979860 genotypes mainly affected PAI-1 levels longitudinally. Within 24 weeks post-anti-HCV therapy, the SVR patients showed increasing PAI-1 levels with accelerating cardiovascular risk, especially the vulnerable cases.