Analytica chimica acta

Sensitive detection of respiratory syncytial virus based on a dual signal amplified plasmonic enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

PMID 28231882


The timely detection of infectious pathogen is critical in clinical early diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases. Plasmonic enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), by means of enzyme-mediated growth or aggregation of AuNPs, has received considerable attention because it allows a naked-eye detection of target in very low numbers. In this work, a dual-signal amplified plasmonic ELISA combined the high loading capacity of magnetic beads with the establishing stimulation effect of zinc ion has been developed to detect RSV as a model pathogen based on alkaline phosphatase-triggered dispersion of aggregated AuNPs. In ideal conditions, the proposed immunoassay can conveniently distinguish the concentration of RSV in a range of 0.1-30xa0pg/mL. In addition, the limit of detection of RSV of this immunoassay exceeds that of conventional ELISA by about 50 times. The high sensitivity makes this approach a good alternative to existing colorimetric immunoassays for pathogen detection.