Acta pharmacologica Sinica

Reversal of paclitaxel resistance in human ovarian cancer cells with redox-responsive micelles consisting of α-tocopheryl succinate-based polyphosphoester copolymers.

PMID 28260803


P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-mediated multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major obstacle in achieving the therapeutic benefits of paclitaxel (PTX) in the treatment of human ovarian carcinoma. This study is aimed to develop an efficient PTX drug delivery approach to overcome MDR. Redox-responsive micelles consisting of amphiphilic polymers containing disulfide linkages, ie, poly (phosphate ester)-SS-D-α-tocopheryl succinate (POPEA-SS-TOS, PSST) were prepared. PTX-loaded PSST micelles (PTX/PSST-M) designed to display synergistic functions, including reversible inhibition of P-gp, intracellular redox-sensitive release and potent anticancer activities. The average size of PTX/PSST-M was 68.1±4.9 nm. The encapsulated PTX was released quickly through redox-triggered dissociation of micelles. The inhibition of P-gp activity and enhanced cellular accumulation of the PSST micelles were validated. PTX/PSST-M showed significantly increased cytotoxicity against PTX-resistant human ovarian cancer A2780/PTX cells: when the cells were treated with PTX/PSST-M for 48 h, the equivalent IC