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Journal of molecular medicine (Berlin, Germany)

Ischemia-induced Drp1 and Fis1-mediated mitochondrial fission and right ventricular dysfunction in pulmonary hypertension.


PMID 28265681

Abstract

Right ventricular (RV) function determines prognosis in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We hypothesize that ischemia causes RV dysfunction in PAH by triggering dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1)-mediated mitochondrial fission. RV function was compared in control rats (n = 50) versus rats with monocrotaline-induced PAH (MCT-PAH; n = 60) both in vivo (echocardiography) and ex vivo (RV Langendorff). Mitochondrial membrane potential and morphology and RV function were assessed before or after 2 cycles of ischemia-reperfusion injury challenge (RV-IR). The effects of Mdivi-1 (25 μM), a Drp1 GTPase inhibitor, and P110 (1 μM), a peptide inhibitor of Drp1-Fis1 interaction, were studied. We found that MCT caused RV hypertrophy, RV vascular rarefaction, and RV dysfunction. Prior to IR, the mitochondria in MCT-PAH RV were depolarized and swollen with increased Drp1 content and reduced aconitase activity. RV-IR increased RV end diastolic pressure (RVEDP) and mitochondrial Drp1 expression in both control and MCT-PAH RVs. IR depolarized mitochondria in control RV but did not exacerbate the basally depolarized MCT-PAH RV mitochondria. During RV IR mdivi-1 and P110 reduced Drp1 translocation to mitochondria, improved mitochondrial structure and function, and reduced RVEDP. In conclusion, RV ischemia occurs in PAH and causes Drp1-Fis1-mediated fission leading to diastolic dysfunction. Inhibition of mitochondrial fission preserves RV function in RV-IR. Right ventricular ischemia reperfusion (RV-IR) causes RV diastolic dysfunction. IR-induced mitochondrial fission causes RV diastolic dysfunction. In RV-IR Drp1 translocates to mitochondria, binds Fis1 and causes fission and injury. A baseline RV mitochondriopathy in MCT PAH resembles IR-induced mitochondrial injury. Drp1 inhibitors (Mdivi-1 and P110) preserve RV diastolic function post RV-IR.

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A9771 Albumin–fluorescein isothiocyanate conjugate, protein bovine