The Journal of nutrition

Dietary fiber supplementation and fecal bile acids, neutral steroids and divalent cations in rats.

PMID 2826726


Young adult rats were fed ad libitum for 4 wk on defined diets containing either no fiber, 10% levels of insoluble fiber sources [cellulose, wheat bran, alfalfa, mixed fibers (Fibyrax)], 5% levels of soluble fiber sources [pectin, guar gum, psyllium (Metamucil)] or 2% cholestyramine (Questran), a bile acid sequestrant. Fecal samples were obtained from paired rats over a 3-d period, were analyzed for neutral and acidic steroid levels and compositions and, together with the food, were assayed for divalent cations (Ca2+, Mg2+, Fe2+ and Zn2+). Animals in all groups were in balance for divalent cations, and there appeared to be no relationship between the extent of cation balance and the type of fiber fed. All insoluble fiber diets and the guar gum and psyllium diets resulted in significantly higher daily fecal mass and, in general, resulted in significant dilution of total fecal steroids. With the insoluble fibers, there was a general dilution of fecal neutral steroids, which was not apparent with the soluble fibers or cholestyramine. In addition, except for the pectin- and mixed fiber-containing diets, there was reduced bacterial conversion of the primary bile acids to secondary bile acids or metabolites.

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5α-Cholestan-3-one, crystalline