Seminars in pediatric neurology

Pyridoxal Phosphate Supplementation in Neuropediatric Disorders.

PMID 28284396


Pyridoxal phosphate (PLP) is the active form of vitamin B6 and a cofactor in many enzyme reactions including neurotransmitter metabolism. PLP metabolism disturbances may mostly lead to refractory seizures. In this report, we review the main pathophysiological factors related with PLP deficiency and our experience in PLP treatment in pediatric patients with low-normal cerebrospinal fluid PLP values who presented epilepsy. Only one case had a definite diagnosis (Phelan-McDermid syndrome). The results of extensive metabolic workups and targeted genetic studies were normal for all patients. In 5 cases, the response to PLP supplementation (10-30mg/kg/d) was initially positive. PLP adverse reactions were noticed in 4 patients and PLP was discontinued; however, one of the most noticeable symptoms was an asymptomatic increase in liver enzymes. These negative results with PLP supplementation are worth reporting, to improve the information we use to treat our patients.