Food chemistry

Preparation, characterization and stability of curcumin-loaded zein-shellac composite colloidal particles.

PMID 28317777


Curcumin-loaded zein-shellac composite particles were prepared by the antisolvent co-precipitation method. The encapsulation efficiency of curcumin was significantly improved from 82.7% in zein particles to 93.2% in zein-shellac complex particles. The result of differential scanning calorimetry suggested that curcumin in the polymeric matrix was in an amorphous state. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis revealed that curcumin had non-covalently interacted with zein and shellac, mainly through hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interaction. Aggregates in irregular shapes, with large sizes, were found by atomic force microscopy, and conglutination, integration or fusion of different entities into network structures occurred at a high level of shellac. At the mass ratio of zein to shellac of 1:1, curcumin in the complex particles exhibited improved photochemical and thermal stability. Curcumin-loaded zein-shellac complex particles allowed the controlled release of curcumin in both PBS medium and simulated gastrointestinal fluids.

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