Chemphyschem : a European journal of chemical physics and physical chemistry

Cytosine Radical Cations: A Gas-Phase Study Combining IRMPD Spectroscopy, UVPD Spectroscopy, Ion-Molecule Reactions, and Theoretical Calculations.

PMID 28319295


The radical cation of cytosine (Cyt(.+) ) is generated by dissociative oxidation from a ternary Cu(II) complex in the gas phase. The radical cation is characterized by infrared multiple photon dissociation (IRMPD) spectroscopy in the fingerprint region, UV/Vis photodissociation (UVPD) spectroscopy, ion-molecule reactions, and theoretical calculations (density functional theory and ab initio). The experimental IRMPD spectrum features diagnostic bands for two enol-amino and two keto-amino tautomers of Cyt(.+) that are calculated to be among the lowest energy isomers, in agreement with a previous study. Although the UVPD action spectrum can also be matched to a combination of the four lowest energy tautomers, the presence of a nonclassical distonic radical cation cannot be ruled out. Its formation is, however, unlikely due to the high energy of this isomer and the respective ternary Cu(II) complex. Gas-phase ion-molecule reactions showed that Cyt(.+) undergoes hydrogen-atom abstraction from 1-propanethiol, radical recombination reactions with nitric oxide, and electron transfer from dimethyl disulfide.