European journal of pharmacology

Dapoxetine induces neuroprotective effects against glutamate-induced neuronal cell death by inhibiting calcium signaling and mitochondrial depolarization in cultured rat hippocampal neurons.

PMID 28322832


Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have an inhibitory effect on various ion channels including Ca(2+) channels. We used fluorescent dye-based digital imaging, whole-cell patch clamping and cytotoxicity assays to examine whether dapoxetine, a novel rapid-acting SSRI, affect glutamate-induced calcium signaling, mitochondrial depolarization and neuronal cell death in cultured rat hippocampal neurons. Pretreatment with dapoxetine for 10min inhibited glutamate-induced intracellular free Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]i) increases in a concentration-dependent manner (Half maximal inhibitory concentration=4.79µM). Dapoxetine (5μM) markedly inhibited glutamate-induced [Ca(2+)]i increases, whereas other SSRIs such as fluoxetine and citalopram only slightly inhibited them. Dapoxetine significantly inhibited the glutamate-induced [Ca(2+)]i responses following depletion of intracellular Ca(2+) stores by treatment with thapsigargin. Dapoxetine markedly inhibited the metabotropic glutamate receptor agonist, (S)-3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine-induced [Ca(2+)]i increases. Dapoxetine significantly inhibited the glutamate and α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA)-induced [Ca(2+)]i responses in either the presence or absence of nimodipine. Dapoxetine also significantly inhibited AMPA-evoked currents. However, dapoxetine slightly inhibited N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-induced [Ca(2+)]i increases. Dapoxetine markedly inhibited 50mMK(+)-induced [Ca(2+)]i increases. Dapoxetine significantly inhibited glutamate-induced mitochondrial depolarization. In addition, dapoxetine significantly inhibited glutamate-induced neuronal cell death and its neuroprotective effect was significantly greater than fluoxetine. These data suggest that dapoxetine reduces glutamate-induced [Ca(2+)]i increases by inhibiting multiple pathways mainly through AMPA receptors, voltage-gated L-type Ca(2+) channels and metabotropic glutamate receptors, which are involved in neuroprotection against glutamate-induced cell death through mitochondrial depolarization.

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Dapoxetine hydrochloride, ≥98% (HPLC)
C21H23NO · HCl