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FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

Extracellular TDP-43 aggregates target MAPK/MAK/MRK overlapping kinase (MOK) and trigger caspase-3/IL-18 signaling in microglia.


PMID 28336525

Abstract

Dysregulated microglial responses are central in neurodegenerative proteinopathies, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar disease (FTLD). Pathologic TDP-43, which is typically found in intracellular inclusions, is a misfolding protein with emerging roles in ALS and FTLD. Recently, TDP-43 species have been found in extracellular fluids of patients; however, the overall implications of TDP-43-mediated signaling linked to neuroinflammation are poorly understood. Our work-the first, to our knowledge, to focus on innate immunity responses to TDP-43 aggregates-shows that such species are internalized by microglia and cause abnormal mobilization of endogenous TDP-43. Exposure to TDP-43 aggregates elicited not only IL-1β, but also NLRP3-dependent and noncanonical IL-18 processing. Moreover, we report a link between TDP-43 and neuronal loss