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Antioxidants & redox signaling

Mechanism of the Antitumor and Radiosensitizing Effects of a Manganese Porphyrin, MnHex-2-PyP.


PMID 28358581

Abstract

Cationic manganese (Mn)-substituted N-pyridylporphyrin-based potent mimics of the family of superoxide dismutases (SODs) protect normal tissues from injury related to ionizing radiation (IR) by reducing levels of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS/RNS). Furthermore, Mn-porphyrins have demonstrated antitumor and radiosensitizing effects on cancer cells by promoting IR-induced tumor vasculature damage and apoptotic processes. In this study, we explored the underlying mechanisms of Mn-porphyrin-mediated tumor radiosensitization using murine mammary carcinoma 4T1 and melanoma B16 cells in vitro and in vivo. Combination treatment with MnTnHex-2-PyP and IR substantially reduced cell viability, clonogenic cell survival, and DNA damage repair and synergistically increased IR-induced apoptosis of 4T1 and B16 cells. MnTnHex-2-PyP in combination with IR caused a significant delay in growth of 4T1 and B16 xenograft tumors. MnTnHex-2-PyP dose-dependently enhanced IR-mediated production of H