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Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces

Redox-responsive nanocarriers for drug and gene co-delivery based on chitosan derivatives modified mesoporous silica nanoparticles.


PMID 28407530

Abstract

Stimuli-responsive nanocarriers for anticancer drug and gene co-delivery are promising strategy in cancer therapy. The ultimate goal is to deliver high local concentration of therapeutic agents with no premature release and result in synergistic effects for combination therapies. In this work, we developed a redox stimuli-responsive and synergistic co-delivery system for anticancer drug DOX and p53 gene for potential cancer therapy. A dendronized chitosan derivative (CP) as a "gatekeeper" to control release the drug was used to modify MSNs via a disulfide linker and improve the gene transfection efficiency. Stimulus-induced release of the DOX was studied in the presence of glutathione (GSH), which showed that polymer shell was shed and accelerated the release of embedded drugs inside the tumor cells under a GSH-rich environment. The obtained nanoparticles showed good gene delivery ability in vitro by inducing an obvious increase in p53 protein expression in Hela cells. Apoptosis analysis confirmed that DOX and p53 could be co-delivered to the Hela cells by MSN-SS-CP nanocarriers and induced significant cell apoptosis. These results demonstrated that the dual delivery system resulted in synergistic effects and lead to an effective cancer cell apoptosis, which may be promising for cancer therapeutic application.

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