Trends in Surgical Management and Costs for Operative Treatment of Proximal Humerus Fractures in the Elderly.

PMID 28418573


Proximal humerus fractures in the elderly are increasing in frequency as the population ages. The purpose of this study was to investigate surgical and cost trends in the Medicare population. The PearlDiver database was queried using diagnosis codes to identify Medicare recipients with proximal humerus fractures from 2005 to 2012. Surgical trends, demographics, and charge/reimbursement data were analyzed. There were 750,426 proximal humerus fractures in Medicare recipients during the 8-year period. Eighty-five percent of the fractures were treated nonoperatively; however, the percentage of operative vs nonoperative management increased significantly over time for all fractures, isolated fractures, and fracture dislocations. Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) was the most common surgical treatment and remained constant. Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) increased by 406% and hemiarthroplasty (HEMI) decreased by 47%. Compared with younger patients, older patients were more likely to undergo HEMI or RTSA than to undergo ORIF for isolated fractures and fracture dislocations. Charges and reimbursements from Medicare increased over time. The charge to reimbursement gap increased from 87% in 2005 to 104% in 2012. Charges were higher for RTSA than for ORIF or HEMI. Nonoperative management was the treatment of choice for 85% of proximal humerus fractures in the elderly; however, there was a trend toward higher rates of surgery. The RTSA rate increased and the HEMI rate decreased, while ORIF remained constant. There was an increasing charge to reimbursement ratio for all procedure types. [Orthopedics. 2017; 40(4):e641-e647.].

Related Materials

Product #



Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)maleimide, 97%