AAPS PharmSciTech

Topical Delivery of Fenoprofen Calcium via Elastic Nano-vesicular Spanlastics: Optimization Using Experimental Design and In Vivo Evaluation.

PMID 28429293


The aim of this study was to investigate the potential of surfactant-based nanovesicular system (spanlastics) for topical delivery of fenoprofen calcium (FPCa) to eliminate its oral gastrointestinal adverse effects. FPCa-loaded spanlastics were prepared by thin film hydration (TFH) technique according to a full factorial design to investigate the influence of formulation variables on the drug entrapment efficiency (%EE), particle size (PS), deformability index (DI), and the % drug released after 24 h through the cellulose membrane (Q24h) using Design-Expert® software. The optimized formula (composed of Span 60 and Tween 60 as an edge activator at weight ratio of 8: 2 in presence of Transcutol P as a cosolvent in the hydration media) exhibited the highest %EE (49.91 ± 2.60%), PS of 536.1 ± 17.14 nm, DI of 5.07 ± 0.06 g, and Q24h of 61.11 ± 2.70%; it was also characterized for morphology and physical stability. In vitro release study of FPCa-loaded spanlastic gel and conventional FPCa gel through a synthetic membrane and hairless rat skin were evaluated. The skin permeation study revealed that spanlastic gel exhibited both consistent and prolonged action. Finally, the % inhibition of carrageenan-induced rat paw edema of spanlastic gel was three times higher than the conventional FPCa gel after 24 h. In conclusion, spanlastic-based gel could be a great approach for improving topical delivery of fenoprofen calcium, providing both prolonged and enhanced anti-inflammatory activity in the treatment of arthritis.

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Sorbitan monostearate, meets FCC analytical specifications