Experimental and toxicologic pathology : official journal of the Gesellschaft fur Toxikologische Pathologie

In vivo ameliorative effect of cerium oxide nanoparticles in isoproterenol-induced cardiac toxicity.

PMID 28431810


Cerium oxide nanoparticles have gained much more attention especially in the field of nanomedicine. This work represents cerium oxide nanoparticles as a new prophylactic model for heart failure progression. To investigate the potential protective effect of cerium oxide nanoparticles on Isoproterenol (ISO)-induced cardiac toxicity in rats. Cerium oxide nanoparticles (5±1nm) were synthesized by reverse micelle method and characterized using High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy, X-Ray Diffraction and particle size analyzer. The experiments were performed on 96 male Wistar rats. The rats were randomly allocated into eight groups. Namely; two Negative and positive control groups, captopril administered group, Nano-ceria (low dose) group, Nano-ceria (high dose) group, Captopril- Isoproterenol group, Nano-ceria (low dose)-Isoproterenol group and Nano-ceria (high dose)-Isoproterenol group. Cardio toxic rat model was induced by subcutaneous administration of Isoproterenol (ISO) (30mg/kg) for two consecutive days in adult male rats. Two doses (0.5 and 5μg/kg/week) of cerium oxide nanoparticles were applied for five weeks and 50mg/kg/day of Captopril was used as a reference drug. Cardiac marker enzymes, Cortisol and Aldosterone hormones were assessed in serum. Oxidant-antioxidant parameters and histopathological examination in heart tissues were also determined. These dose of nano-ceria, showed a promising ameliorative and prophylactic effect against cardiac toxicity compared to Captopril reference drug. Serum cardiac markers were decreased by noticeable percentage, CK-MB (50% and 57%), LDH (47% and 57.7%), AST (38% and 36.5%) and ALT (33.5% and 30.6%) for both doses respectively, while increased tissues level of the antioxidant enzymes, catalase (48% - 26%) and superoxide dismutase (64%, 143%). These consistent biochemical and histopathological results suggest that, nano-ceria could be used as effective antioxidant in prophylactic protocols for management of cardiac disorders associated with oxidative stress.

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Captopril, ≥98% (HPLC), powder