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The Journal of biological chemistry

Catalytic nonessentiality of an active-site cysteinyl residue of phosphoribulokinase.


PMID 2844788

Abstract

The activity of the Calvin cycle enzyme phosphoribulokinase is coupled to photosynthetic electron transport by reversible oxidation/reduction mediated by thioredoxin-f. Previous studies have shown that one of the regulatory sulfhydryl groups, that of Cys-16, is positioned at the nucleotide-binding domain of the active site. To determine if oxidative deactivation of the kinase reflects catalytic essentiality of Cys-16, the methylation of spinach phosphoribulokinase by methyl-4-nitrobenzenesulfonate has been examined. Methylation of the kinase results in a 50% loss of the initial activity relative to controls. The suppression of kcat is accompanied by a 6-fold increase in the Km for ATP, without change in the Km for ribulose 5-phosphate. The insensitivity of the modified enzyme, in contrast to the native, to iodoacetate and 5,5'-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoate) indicates that Cys-16 is a site of methylation. This supposition is verified independently by peptide mapping and Edman degradation subsequent to S-carboxymethylation with [14C]iodoacetate of the methylated kinase. Retention of significant enzymatic activity after complete modification of Cys-16 with the small, uncharged methyl moiety demonstrates that this active-site residue is not essential for catalysis.

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160954
Methyl 4-nitrobenzenesulfonate, 99%
C7H7NO5S