Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics

Pharmacokinetics of firocoxib after intravenous administration of multiple consecutive doses in neonatal foals.

PMID 28456000


The purpose of this study was to determine the pharmacokinetic profile of intravenous firocoxib in neonatal foals. Six healthy foals were administered 0.09 mg/kg firocoxib intravenously once a day for 7 days. Blood was collected for plasma firocoxib analysis using high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection at times 0 (day 1 of study only) and 0.08, 0.25, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 16 and 24 hr on dose numbers 1, 5 and 7. Blood was also collected immediately prior to doses 3, 4, 5 and 7. Final samples were collected at 36, 48, 72 and 96 hr following the final dose. Noncompartmental analysis using the trapezoidal method with linear interpolation revealed a moderate half-life (15.9 ± 9.1 hr) with a large volume of distribution at steady state (1.79 ± 0.57 L/kg) and a clearance (96.0 ± 59.2 ml h-1  kg-1 ) that was more rapid than that observed in adult horses.