EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Biochimica et biophysica acta

Oxidation of 3,4-dihydroxymandelic acid catalyzed by tyrosinase.


PMID 2846069

Abstract

Tyrosinase usually catalyzes the conversion of monophenols to o-diphenols and the oxidation of o-diphenols to the corresponding quinones. However, when 3,4-dihydroxymandelic acid was provided as the substrate, 3,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde was produced. These results led to the proposal that tyrosinase catalyzes an unusual oxidative decarboxylation of this substrate (Sugumaran, M. (1986) Biochemistry 25, 4489-4492). However, 3,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde is also obtained through the oxidation of 3,4-dihydroxymandelic acid by sodium periodate and on a mercury electrode. These results led to the proposal that tyrosinase catalyzes the oxidation of the substrate into o-quinone, which reacts immediately with a molecule of substrate, oxidizing it and through decarboxylation generates an intermediate (quinone methide) which transforms into 3,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde; simultaneously, the original o-quinone is reduced to 3,4-dihydroxymandelic acid.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

151610
DL-3,4-Dihydroxymandelic acid, 95%
C8H8O5