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ACS nano

Cascading Effects of Nanoparticle Coatings: Surface Functionalization Dictates the Assemblage of Complexed Proteins and Subsequent Interaction with Model Cell Membranes.


PMID 28482159

Abstract

Interactions of functionalized nanomaterials with biological membranes are expected to be governed by not only nanoparticle physiochemical properties but also coatings or "coronas" of biomacromolecules acquired after immersion in biological fluids. Here we prepared a library of 4-5 nm gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) coated with either ω-functionalized thiols or polyelectrolyte wrappings to examine the influence of surface functional groups on the assemblage of proteins complexing the nanoparticles and its subsequent impact on attachment to model biological membranes. We find that the initial nanoparticle surface coating has a cascading effect on interactions with model cell membranes by determining the assemblage of complexing proteins, which in turn influences subsequent interaction with model biological membranes. Each type of functionalized AuNP investigated formed complexes with a unique ensemble of serum proteins that depended on the initial surface coating of the nanoparticles. Formation of protein-nanoparticle complexes altered the electrokinetic, hydrodynamic, and plasmonic properties of the AuNPs. Complexation of the nanoparticles with proteins reduced the attachment of cationic AuNPs and promoted attachment of anionic AuNPs to supported lipid bilayers; this trend is observed with both lipid bilayers comprising 100% zwitterionic phospholipids and those incorporating anionic phosphatidylinositol. Complexation with serum proteins led to attachment of otherwise noninteracting oligo(ethylene glycol)-functionalized AuNPs to bilayers containing phosphatidylinositol. These results demonstrate the importance of considering both facets of the nano-bio interface: functional groups displayed on the nanoparticle surface and proteins complexing the nanoparticles influence interaction with biological membranes as does the molecular makeup of the membranes themselves.