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Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications

Composite membranes of alginate and chitosan reinforced with cotton or linen fibers incorporating epidermal growth factor.


PMID 28482529

Abstract

Suture threads of cotton or linen, in crossed and random orientation, were added to alginate-chitosan membranes intended to wound coatings application to improve the mechanical properties. The elongation at break increased to about 5 and 8 times for membranes with linen and cotton, respectively, both in the crossed orientation. The addition of the threads increased roughness and opacity of the membranes and reduced the liquid absorption capacity and water vapor transmission rate. The lowest toxicity to human fibroblasts was observed for extracts of membranes produced with linen, and incorporation in them of epidermal growth factor was able to slightly increase cell proliferation.