Experimental and molecular pathology

The role of GILZ in modulation of adaptive immunity in a murine model of myocardial infarction.

PMID 28499885


Myocardial infarction (MI) is associated with intense immune and inflammatory responses which contribute to tissue injury. Increasing evidence indicates that the glucocorticoid-induced leucine zipper (GILZ) protein suppresses immune and inflammatory responses. However, the status of and the role of GILZ in MI are not known. We tested the hypotheses that a) MI reduces cardiac GILZ associated with intense inflammation and cell death and b) intramyocardial GILZ delivery confers cardioprotection in association with increased Tregs and suppression of inflammation. Male Balb/C mice were subjected to MI or sham operation; the infarcted animals were subdivided to receive intramyocardial injections of PBS, GILZ overexpressing cells (GILZ) or their controls expressing the green fluorescent protein (GFP). Three hours after the procedures, hearts were procured for subsequent analyses. MI markedly reduced cardiac GILZ expression accompanied with a) increase in Th-17 cells (i.e., CD3