Biochemical and biophysical research communications

JNJ10181457, a histamine H3 receptor inverse agonist, regulates in vivo microglial functions and improves depression-like behaviours in mice.

PMID 28526411


Brain histamine acts as a neurotransmitter and regulates various physiological functions, such as learning and memory, sleep-wake cycles, and appetite regulation. We have recently shown that histamine H3 receptor (H3R) is expressed in primary mouse microglia and has a strong influence on critical functions in microglia, including chemotaxis, phagocytosis, and cytokine secretion in vitro. However, the importance of H3R in microglial activity in vivo remains unknown. Here, we examined the effects of JNJ10181457 (JNJ), a selective and potent H3R inverse agonist, on microglial functions ex vivo and in vivo. First, we injected ATP, which is a typical chemoattractant, into hippocampal slices to investigate the effect of JNJ on chemotaxis. ATP-induced microglial migration toward the injected site was significantly suppressed by JNJ treatment. Next, we examined whether JNJ affected microglial phagocytosis in hippocampal slices and in the prefrontal cortex. Microglial engulfment of dead neurons induced by N-methyl-