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Anti-cancer agents in medicinal chemistry

A Comparison of the Toxicity of Mono, Bis, Tris and Tetrakis Phosphino Silver Complexes on SNO Esophageal Cancer Cells.


PMID 28530542

Abstract

A broad range of metal-coordinated complexes have been studied for their anticancer activities. However, some of these complexes display high toxicity profiles to non-malignant cells, therefore limiting their use in cancer therapeutics. Several silver(I) triphenylphosphine adducts were prepared as 1:1 to 1:4 ratios of silver nitrate to triphenylphosphine. They were further used to determine their anticancer activity in a malignant SNO esophageal cell line. The silver(I) phosphine adducts include: [Ag(PPh3)]NO3 (1); [Ag(PPh3)2]NO3 (2); [Ag(PPh3)3]NO3 (3) and [Ag(PPh3)4]NO3 (4). In addition, the activity of complexes 1-4 was compared to previously reported complexes [Ag(Ph2P(CH2)2PPh2)2]NO3 (5) and [Ag(Ph2P(CH2)3PPh2)2]NO3 (6). The cytotoxicity of complexes 1-6 was also evaluated in non-malignant human dermal fibroblast cells (HDF-a). The majority of the complexes (specifically those containing PPh3) were found to be highly toxic to the SNO cells and less toxic towards HDF-a cells, as determined by the alamarBlue® assay. Morphological studies and flow cytometry confirmed that the silver(I) complexes induced apoptosis in the malignant cells. These results may have an impact on research related to drug discovery and silver(I) phosphine complexes could be added to the arsenal of anticancer agents in addition to the silver-bis-diphenylphosphinoethane and silver-bis-diphenylphosphinopropane adducts.

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