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PMID 28533271

Abstract

Mutations and epigenetic inactivation of the tumor suppressor gene von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) are major causes of clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) that may originate from chronic inflammation. However, the role of VHL loss of function in the development of ccRCC via inflammation remains poorly understood. VHL-mutant cells exhibit metabolic abnormalities that can cause chronic endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and unfolded protein response. We hypothesize that unresolved ER stress induces the inflammatory responses observed in ccRCC. ER stress markers including BiP and XBP1s were significantly increased in cultured and primary VHL loss-of-function kidney cells. In epithelial cells, the kinase activity of IRE1α was required for the induction of NF-κB and JNK and for the recruitment of macrophages. IRE1α kinase activity was also important for the development of fibrotic phenotype in conditional Vhlh knockout mice. Our results offer insights into the therapeutic potential against ccRCC development by relieving metabolic stress. Such cancer prevention strategy may be critical for high-risk cohorts such as the familial VHL disease patients. Cancer Res; 77(13); 3406-16. ©2017 AACR.

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