Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces

Biomimetic mineralized hierarchical hybrid scaffolds based on in situ synthesis of nano-hydroxyapatite/chitosan/chondroitin sulfate/hyaluronic acid for bone tissue engineering.

PMID 28578273


Biomimetic mineralized hybrid scaffolds are widely used as natural bone substitute materials in tissue engineering by mimicking vital characters of extracellular matrix (ECM). However, the fabrication of hybrid scaffolds with suitable mechanical properties and good biocompatibility remains a challenge. To solve the problems mentioned above, biomimetic calcium phosphate mineralized organic-inorganic hybrid scaffold composed of nano hydroxyapatite (nHAP), Chitosan (CS), Chondroitin sulfate (CSA) and hyaluronic acid (HA) with hierarchical micro/nano structures was successfully developed. In this process, an efficient and easy-to-accomplish method combining in situ biomimetic synthesis with freeze-drying technology was applied. The chemical structure of the scaffolds was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Surface morphology of scaffolds was characterized by Scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The nHAP/CS/CSA/HA hybrid scaffolds with a well-distributed pore size showed suitable mechanical strength which is not only due to the addition of the nHAP but also the interaction between the positively charged CS and the negatively charged CSA and HA. Simultaneously, the biocompatibility was evaluated by the MTT cytotoxicity assay, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, Hoechst 33258 fluorescence staining. All those results proved that the scaffolds possess good biocompatibility and the components added have enhanced the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblast. Thus, it can be anticipated that the in situ biomimetic mineralized nHAP/CS/CAS/HA hybrid scaffolds will be promising candidates for bone tissue engineering.