miR-873 suppresses H9C2 cardiomyocyte proliferation by targeting GLI1.

PMID 28583401


MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of endogenous, non-coding small RNAs that regulate the expression of target genes. Previous studies have suggested that miRNAs are key regulators in cardiovascular systems. This study investigated the role of miR-873 in H9C2 cardiomyocytes by targeting glioma-associated oncogene 1 (GLI1). miR-873 was significantly up-regulated in serum samples from congenital heart disease (CHD) patients compared with those from normal individuals. Furthermore, miR-873 over-expression suppressed H9C2 proliferation and induced cell cycle arrest. Bioinformatic algorithms revealed a predicted target site for miR-873 in the 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) of GLI1, which was verified using a dual-luciferase reporter assay. qPCR and western blot analysis also showed that miR-873 negatively regulated GLI1 mRNA and protein expression in H9C2 cells. Conversely, GLI1 over-expression partially reversed the growth-inhibitory effect of miR-873. To summarize, our data suggest that miR-873 is a novel miRNA that regulates H9C2 cell proliferation via targeting GLI1, and miR-873 may serve as a new potential biomarker diagnosis in CHD in the future.