Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B

Menaquinone-7 production from maize meal hydrolysate by Bacillus isolates with diphenylamine and analogue resistance.

PMID 28585422


A menaquinone-7 (MK-7) high-producing strain needs to be isolated to increase MK-7 production, in order to meet a requirement of MK-7 given the low MK-7 content in food products. This article focuses on developing MK-7 high-producing strains via screening and mutagenesis by an atmospheric and room temperature plasma (ARTP) mutation breeding system. We isolated an MK-7-producing strain Y-2 and identified it as Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, which produced (7.1±0.5) mg/L of MK-7 with maize meal hydrolysate as carbon source. Then, an MK-7 high-producing strain B. amyloliquefaciens H.β.D.R.-5 with resistance to 1-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid, β-2-thienylalanine, and diphenylamine was obtained from the mutation of the strain Y-2 using an ARTP mutation breeding system. Using strain H.β.D.R.-5, efficient production of MK-7 was achieved ((30.2±2.7) mg/L). In addition, the effects of nitrogen sources, prenyl alcohols, and MgSO4 on MK-7 production were investigated, suggesting that soymeal extract combined with yeast extract, isopentenol, and MgSO4 was beneficial. Under the optimized condition, the MK-7 production and biomass-specific yield reached (61.3±5.2) mg/L and 2.59 mg/L per OD600 unit respectively in a 7-L fermenter. These results demonstrated that strain H.β.D.R.-5 has the capacity to produce MK-7 from maize meal hydrolysate, which could reduce the substrate cost.

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