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Journal of diabetes and its complications

The clinical characteristics of patients with mitochondrial tRNA Leu(UUR)m.3243A > G mutation: Compared with type 1 diabetes and early onset type 2 diabetes.


PMID 28599824

Abstract

This study presents nine patients with mitochondrial tRNA Leu (UUR) m.3243A>G mutation and compares the clinical characteristics and diabetes complications with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) or early onset type 2 diabetes (T2DM). The study covers 9 patients with MIDD, 33 patients with T1DM and 86 patients (age of onset ≤35years) with early onset T2DM, matched for sex, age at onset of diabetes, duration of diabetes. All patients with MIDD were confirmed as carrying the m.3243A>G mitochondrial DNA mutation. Serum HbA1c, beta-cell function, retinal and renal complications of diabetes, bone metabolic markers, lumbar spine and femoral neck BMD bone mineral density were compared to characterize the clinical features of all patients. Nine patients were from five unrelated families, and the mean (SD) onset age of those patients was 31.2±7.2year. Two patients required insulin at presentation, and six patients progressed to insulin requirement after a mean of 7.2years. β-Cell function in the MIDD group was intermediate between T1DM and early-onset T2DM. In MIDD, four patients were diagnosed as diabetic retinopathy (4/9) and five patients (5/9) had macroalbuminuria. The number of patients with diabetic retinopathy and macroalbuminuria in the MIDD group was comparable to T1DM or early-onset T2DM. The rate of osteoporosis (BMD T-score<-2.5 SD) in the patient with MIDD was higher than the T1DM or early-onset T2DM group. Our study indicates that of the nine subjects with MIDD, three patients (1-II-1, 1-II-3, 1-II-4) who came from the same family had a history of acute pancreatitis. Compared with T1DM or early-onset T2DM matched for sex, age, duration of diabetes, MIDD patients had the highest rate of osteoporosis.

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