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The Science of the total environment

Simultaneous determination of BTEX and their metabolites using solid-phase microextraction followed by HPLC or GC/MS: An application in teeth as environmental biomarkers.


PMID 28623787

Abstract

Applications of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and o-, m-, and p-xylenes (BTEX) release them into the environment exposing living organism. These endocrine disruptors are toxic, highly volatile and easily absorbed by the lungs and can cause adverse consequences for the human health as neurological diseases and cancer. A method for the analysis of BTEX and its metabolites (phenols and aromatic acids) in teeth is presented. The method consists in a one-step simple extraction procedure from spiked tooth using NaOH solution followed by SPME-HPLC or HS-SPME-GC/MS determination. Optimization of both, spiking procedure and extraction step of these analytes from tooth, was carried out. Two fibers CAR/PDMS for BTEX and PA for BTEX metabolites were used for the SPME and variables were optimized for analytes at 30°C using spiked solutions. The optimized adsorption times were 30, 75 and 30min and desorption times were 10, 40 and 30min for BTEX, phenols and aromatic acids, respectively. Linearity for SPME-HPLC method was established using spiked solutions with both, BTEX and metabolites, at 2.5, 5.0, 10.0, 25.0μg/mL. The obtained results indicated a good linearity (r