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Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA

CT arthrography visualizes tissue growth of osteochondral defects of the talus after microfracture.


PMID 28624855

Abstract

Little is known about the arthroscopic or radiographic outcomes after arthroscopic microfracture of osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLTs). The purpose of this study was to investigate tissue growth after arthroscopic microfracture of OLTs using computed tomography arthrography (CTA) and to identify the relationship between CTA findings and clinical outcomes. We hypothesized that the morphology of the repaired tissue would be similar to that of normal anatomy and correlate with the clinical outcomes. Forty-two ankles treated using arthroscopic microfracture of OLTs between 2009 and 2014 were monitored. CTA was performed post-operatively at 6 months and at 1 and 2 years after surgery. The post-operative thickness of the repaired tissue associated with OLT (grade) and the volume of the subchondral cystic lesions were evaluated using CTA. Clinical outcomes, including the pain visual analog scale (VAS) and American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle functional scores, were evaluated and correlated with CTA. The proportion of fully grown tissue (grade 3) increased over time; specifically, the rates were 12/40 (33.3%) at 6 months, 11/18 (61.1%) at 1 year, and 8/10 (80%) at 2 years after surgery (p = 0.005). The VAS pain (p < 0.001) and AOFAS scores (p < 0.001) were also improved at the final follow-up; however, they were not associated with repaired tissue thickness as shown by CTA (n.s.). After microfracture of OLTs, tissue growth in the osteochondral defects was well visualized using CT arthrography and was observed in most cases. However, the CTA findings were not related to the clinical outcomes. IV.