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Integrative cancer therapies

Quercetin Has Antimetastatic Effects on Gastric Cancer Cells via the Interruption of uPA/uPAR Function by Modulating NF-κb, PKC-δ, ERK1/2, and AMPKα.


PMID 28627240

Abstract

Gastric cancer (GC) is a malignancy with few effective treatment options after metastasis occurs. Quercetin (Qu) intake has been associated with reduced incidence and slow development of GC, probably due to its anti-proliferative and apoptotic effects, but it is unclear whether Qu can inhibit the metastatic activity. The urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA)/uPA receptor (uPAR) system plays an important role in cancer metastasis. In this study, we measured both uPA activity and uPAR expression in GC and pericarcinous tissues, and we investigated the correlation between uPAR expression and the migratory and invasive activities of various GC cell lines. GC BGC823 and AGS cells were subjected to treatment with 10 μM Qu for 72 hours and uPAR knockdown, alone or in combination, before evaluating cell metastasis. The results showed that uPA activity and uPAR expression were higher in GC tissues than in pericarcinous tissues. Migratory and invasive activities of GC cell lines positively correlated with uPAR expression. Qu treatment decreased BGC823 and AGS cell migration and invasion, accompanied by reduced uPA and uPAR protein expression. Both Qu treatment and uPAR knockdown decreased matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9 activity and blocked Pak1-Limk1-cofilin signaling. Qu treatment was associated with inhibition of NF-κb, PKC-δ, and ERK1/2, and with AMPKα activation. Specific inhibitors of NF-κb, PKC, and ERK1/2, and an AMPKα activator suppressed uPA and uPAR expression in GC cells. Collectively, Qu showed an antimetastatic effect on GC cells via the interruption of uPA/uPAR function and modulation of NF-κb, PKC-δ, ERK1/2, and AMPKα. This suggests that Qu is a promising agent against GC metastasis.

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