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Scientific reports

Functional Evaluation of a Bioartificial Liver Support System Using Immobilized Hepatocyte Spheroids in a Porcine Model of Acute Liver Failure.


PMID 28630420

Abstract

Bioartificial livers (BAL) may offer acute liver failure (ALF) patients an opportunity for cure without liver transplantation. We evaluated the efficacy of a spheroid-based BAL system, containing aggregates of porcine hepatocytes, in a porcine model of ALF. ALF pigs were divided into three groups. The control group consisted of treatment naïve pigs (n = 5), blank group consisted of pigs that were attached to the BAL system not containing hepatocytes for 12 hours (n = 5) and BAL group consisted of pigs that were attached to the BAL containing hepatocytes for 12 hours (n = 5). Increase in serum ammonia levels were significantly greater in the blank group (P < 0.01) and control group (P < 0.01), compared to the BAL group during the treatment period. Increase in ICP was significantly greater in the control group compared to the BAL group (P = 0.01). Survival was significantly prolonged in the BAL group compared to the blank group (P = 0.03). A BAL system with a bioreactor containing hepatocyte spheroids showed effective clearance of serum ammonia, preservation of renal function and delayed ICP increase in a porcine model of ALF.