American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology

Interleukin-33 induces growth-regulated oncogene-α expression and secretion in human umbilical vein endothelial cells.

PMID 28637660


Although interleukin-33 (IL-33), a member of the IL-1 cytokine family, plays proinflammatory roles in immune cells as an "alarmin," little is known regarding the biological actions of IL-33 on vascular endothelial cells. To investigate the effects of IL-33 on vascular endothelial cells, we first screened the IL-33-regulated proteins in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) using a dot blot array and observed that IL-33 markedly increased growth-regulated oncogene-α (GRO-α), a chemokine that is also known as chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1 (CXCL1). Real-time reverse transcription PCR and ELISA demonstrated that IL-33 induced GRO-α expression and secretion in HUVECs in a dose- and a time-dependent manner. Western immunoblot assay revealed that IL-33 activated the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) and c-Jun NH