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Steroids

The synthesis and antitumor activity of lithocholic acid and its derivatives.


PMID 28648585

Abstract

In this paper, a new and concise synthetic route of lithocholic acid (LCA) using commercially available steroid source deoxycholic acid is reported. A series of amide derivatives of LCA were also synthesized and investigated for their activity against the growth of MCF-7 and MCF-7/ADR cells using the sulforhodamine B assay. For MCF-7, the most potent compound 20 showed a 20-fold higher antitumor activity than LCA. For MCF-7/ADR, the most potent compound 24 showed a 22-fold higher antitumor activity than LCA. The transwell migration assay of 20 was evaluated on MDA-MB-231 cells. The colony formation and apoptosis assays of 20 were performed on MCF-7 and MCF-7/ADR cell lines.