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Inorganic chemistry

Solution and Solid State Correlations of Antimalarial Drug Actions: NMR and Crystallographic Studies of Drug Interactions with a Heme Model.


PMID 28650618

Abstract

Solution NMR has been used in tandem with a diamagnetic non-iron heme model compound as a simple and effective tool to rapidly probe the structures of the bound complexes formed between the metalloporphyrin and antimalarial drugs from the 4-aminoquinoline, 4-methylenehydroxylquinoline, and 8-aminoquinoline subfamilies. The ability of gallium(III) protoporphyrin IX to mimic heme chemistry is exploited. The 4-aminoquinolines quinacrine and amodiaquine and two novel 3-halo chloroquine analogues are found to bind to the metalloporphyrin through hydrogen-bonding and stacking interactions, while halofantrine and the 4-methylenehydroxylquinolines, quinine and mefloquine bind through the alcohol group of the drug. In each case, detailed structural information is available from the NMR assessment. The mefloquine model is confirmed crystallographically. The 8-aminoquinoline primaquine does not interact strongly. These tools show promise for future applications in assessing antimalarials in preclinical development for heme-binding drug targets.

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P8293
Protoporphyrin IX, ≥95%
C34H34N4O4