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Immunogenetics

QPY/RAH haplotypes of the GZMB gene are associated with natural killer cell cytotoxicity.


PMID 28653095

Abstract

Granzyme B (GzmB) is a component of cytolytic granules within NK cells and is involved in several pathologies. It has previously been reported that there are three non-synonymous coding SNPs (rs8192917; Q48R, rs11539752; P88A, and rs2236338; Y245H) in the GZMB gene and that the QPY/RAH allele was clustered together close to the C-terminal α-helix. However, it is unknown whether the function of GzmB produced from NK cells is influenced by QPY/RAH polymorphism. The authors investigated the distribution of QPY/RAH polymorphism of the GZMB gene in a Japanese population (n = 106), and the involvement of Q48R polymorphism in NK cell cytotoxicity, degranulation, and production of GzmB. A strong linkage disequilibrium was observed among these SNPs, and NK cell cytotoxicity was influenced by rs8192917 (Q48R). Moreover, it found that R