Acta biomaterialia

Multifunctional peptide-lipid nanocomplexes for efficient targeted delivery of DNA and siRNA into breast cancer cells.

PMID 28655658


The development of carriers for the delivery of oligonucleotide therapeutics is essential for the successful translation of gene therapies to the clinic. In the present study, a delivery system, which combines the fusogenic lipid 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DOPE) with a well-defined synthetic multifunctional peptide, was produced and optimized for gene delivery, with the aim to develop an efficient gene delivery platform for breast cancer cells. For this purpose, a breast cancer-specific cell targeting peptide (CTP) was incorporated into our leading peptide-based gene delivery system (to generate DEN-K(GALA)-TAT-K(STR)-CTP) to improve its cell-specific internalization, and investigated in combination with a formulation approach (DOPE/1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane (DOTAP)). DEN-K(GALA)-TAT-K(STR)-CTP alone efficiently complexed with DNA or siRNA, and promoted efficient cellular uptake, but low levels of gene expression. By adding the formulation approach, synergistic improvements in gene expression and silencing were observed compared to the peptide or formulation approaches alone. Of significance, this current system demonstrated more efficient gene knockdown when compared to the leading commercial siRNA delivery agent Lipofectamine® RNAiMAX. The utility of this system was demonstrated through the delivery of BCL2 (B-cell lymphoma 2) siRNA to MCF-7 cells, which led to near complete knockdown of the Bcl-2 protein, and inhibition of MCF-7 cell migration in a wound healing assay. The present peptide/lipid hybrid system is an excellent candidate for the delivery of DNA or siRNA into breast cancer cells. The identification of safe and effective delivery systems for DNA and siRNA is of great importance. Herein, we developed a well-defined, multifunctional and cell-specific lipidic peptide DEN-K(GALA)-TAT-K(STR)-CTP as a breast cancer cell targeted gene delivery vector. When combined with a lipid component (DOTAP/DOPE), the peptide/lipid hybrid system demonstrated higher gene expression or knockdown levels compared to the peptide or lipid approach alone when used to deliver pDNA or siRNA respectively, indicating synergistic enhancement of gene delivery efficiency. Importantly, this delivery strategy achieved greater knockdown of the Bcl-2 protein when compared to the leading commercial siRNA delivery system Lipofectamine® RNAiMAX, suggesting its potential utility for the targeted treatment of Bcl-2 overexpressing breast cancers.

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MISSION® esiRNA, esiRNA human BCL2 (esiRNA1)