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Ultrasound in medicine & biology

Evaluation of Antivascular Combretastatin A4 P Efficacy Using Supersonic Shear Imaging Technique of Ectopic Colon Carcinoma CT26.


PMID 28666550

Abstract

A recent ultrasound imaging technique-shear wave elastography-showed its ability to image and quantify the mechanical properties of biological tissues, such as prostate or liver tissues. In the present study this technique was used to evaluate the relationship among tumor growth, stiffness and reduction of treatment with combretastatin (CA4 P) in allografted colon tumor CT26 in mice. During 12 d, CT26 tumor growth (n = 52) was imaged by ultrasound, and shear modulus was quantified, showing a good correlation between tumor volume and stiffness (r = 0.59). The treatment was initiated at d 12 and monitored every d during 4 d. Following the treatment, the tumor volume had decreased, while the elasticity of the tumor volume remained steady throughout the treatment. After segmentation using the shear modulus map, a detailed analysis showed a decrease in the stiffness after treatment. This reduction in the mechanical properties was shown to correlate with tissue reorganization, particularly, fibrosis and necrosis, assessed by histology.

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