International journal of pharmaceutics

Investigate the control release effect of ion-pair in the development of escitalopram transdermal patch using FT-IR spectroscopy, molecular modeling and thermal analysis.

PMID 28673858


The aim of this study was to develop a controlled release drug-in-adhesive patch containing escitalopram (ESP) using ion-pair technique. Special attention was paid on the mechanism of how counter ion controlled the release of ESP. Five organic acids were chosen as the counter ions. Formulation factors including adhesive matrix, drug loading and permeation enhancers were investigated through in vitro experiments using rat skin and the optimized patch was evaluated using in vivo pharmacokinetic study. Drug-counter ion-PSA interactions were characterized by FT-IR, molecular modeling and DSC at molecular level. The optimized patch prepared with ESP-BA showed zero-order skin permeation profile and a satisfied permeation amount of three days (1059±104.9μg/cm