DNA and cell biology

Characterization and Primary Functional Analysis of a Bamboo ZEP Gene from Phyllostachys edulis.

PMID 28686465


Zeaxanthin epoxidase (ZEP) plays important roles in plant response to various environmental stresses by involving in abscisic acid (ABA) biosynthesis and xanthophyll cycle. A full-length cDNA of PeZEP was isolated from moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis), which comprised of a 138-bp 5'-untranslated region (UTR), a 381-bp 3'-UTR, and a 2013-bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a putative protein of 670 amino acids. PeZEP was mainly expressed in leaf blades and leaf sheaths, and less in roots and culms. The transcript level of PeZEP in bamboo leaf was elevated with the increasing light intensity. PeZEP was significantly upregulated in response to high light (HL: 1200 μmol·m-2·s-1) and reached to a higher level after 1 h treatment, and kept higher levels in the following hours. Besides, PeZEP was upregulated under high temperature (42°C), and downregulated under low temperature (4°C) and exogenous ABA treatment. The expression vector of PeZEP driven by CaMV 35S was constructed and transformed into Arabidopsis thaliana. The transgenic plants overexpressing PeZEP were generated and subjected to drought stress for morphological and physiological assays. Compared with Col-0, the transgenic plants demonstrated enhanced tolerance to drought stress, which appeared later wilting and higher survival rate. Moreover, higher value of Fv/Fm, higher activities of superoxide dismutase, peroxidase, and catalase, and lower concentration of malondialdehyde were also observed in transgenic plants. Transcript levels of AtP5CS and AtRD29b related to drought stress were enhanced in transgenic plants. These results indicated that PeZEP might play an important function in response to drought stress in bamboo.

Related Materials

Product #



Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

Zeaxanthin, analytical standard