Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces

Polysaccharide-coated liposomes by post-insertion of a hyaluronan-lipid conjugate.

PMID 28686903


Hyaluronan (MW: 1.5 MDa) was linked to a phospholipid (dipalmitoyl phosphatidylethanolamine, DPPE) by an amidification procedure to obtain novel macromolecules (HA-DPPE) able to coat liposomes. Liposomes made of dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine and cholesterol (DPPC/Chol: 95/5 molar ratio), with a mean size around 100nm, were incubated with HA-DPPE at 55°C, allowing the insertion of DPPE moieties in the liposomal bilayer and leading to hyaluronan-coated liposomes (HAsomes) as evidenced by several techniques including dynamic light scattering and differential scanning calorimetry. The amount or HA-DPPE coating liposomes was quantified by different methods among which capillary electrophoresis and their stability in serum was finally compared to that of plain liposomes. As a conclusion, we provide insight into the physico-chemical characterization of HA-DPPE and of HAsomes demonstrating that easy coating of phospholipid vesicles can be achieved by post-insertion of a lipid derivative of hyaluronan. This approach represents an innovative strategy for coating vesicular systems to confer them simultaneously with long circulation properties and selective targeting towards HA-receptors.