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DNA repair

Human cells contain a factor that facilitates the DNA glycosylase-mediated excision of oxidized bases from occluded sites in nucleosomes.


PMID 28709015

Abstract

Reactive oxygen species generate some 20,000 base lesions per human cell per day. The vast majority of these potentially mutagenic or cytotoxic lesions are subject to base excision repair (BER). Although chromatin remodelers have been shown to enhance the excision of oxidized bases from nucleosomes in vitro, it is not clear that they are recruited to and act at sites of BER in vivo. To test the hypothesis that cells possess factors that enhance BER in chromatin, we assessed the capacity of nuclear extracts from human cells to excise thymine glycol (Tg) lesions from exogenously added, model nucleosomes. The DNA glycosylase NTHL1 in these extracts was able to excise Tg from both naked DNA and sites in nucleosomes that earlier studies had shown to be sterically accessible. However, the same extracts were able to excise lesions from sterically-occluded sites in nucleosomes only after the addition of Mg

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