Tobacco mosaic virus infection disproportionately impacts phloem associated translatomes in Arabidopsis thaliana and Nicotiana benthamiana.

PMID 28710959


In this study we use vascular specific promoters and a translating ribosome affinity purification strategy to identify phloem associated translatome responses to infection by tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) in systemic hosts Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Shahdara and Nicotiana benthamiana. Results demonstrate that in both hosts the number of translatome gene alterations that occurred in response to infection is at least four fold higher in phloem specific translatomes than in non-phloem translatomes. This finding indicates that phloem functions as a key responsive tissue to TMV infection. In addition, host comparisons of translatome alterations reveal both similarities and differences in phloem responses to infection, representing both conserved virus induced phloem alterations involved in promoting infection and virus spread as well as host specific alterations that reflect differences in symptom responses. Combined these results suggest phloem tissues play a disproportion role in the mediation and control of host responses to virus infection.